Let’s talk about participial adjectives. First things first, what are participial adjectives?
This fancy term describes adjectives formed using the past and present participles, otherwise known as the -ed and -ing endings.
Many non-native speakers struggle with choosing the correct ending because they are so similar. But the rule is quite easy, as you see in the image:
Use the -ing ending (the present participle) to describe the person, place or thing that causes a feeling or emotion.
- The view is inspiring.
- This class is exhausting.
- Traveling to new places is exciting.
- Cleaning my house is boring.
Use the -ed ending (the past participle) to describe the feeling or emotion that happens as a result of the person, place or thing mentioned above.
- The view is inspiring. ➡️ I feel inspired.
- This class is exhausting. ➡️ I am exhausted.
- Traveling to new places is exciting. ➡️ I am excited about my trip!
- Cleaning my house is boring. ➡️ I feel bored when I have to clean my house.
I hope this mini lesson helped you understand which ending to use. When you choose the correct -ed or -ing ending, you immediately sound more natural in English.
(This photo is of the Cotopaxi volcano in Ecuador. I am the photographer. 🙂 )
Want to use grammar more naturally? Click here to explore my other resources on using grammar structures like a native speaker.