If you’re like most non-native speakers, you’re probably concerned about whether people understand you when you’re speaking English.
In this video, we’re going to talk about five reasons that some native English speakers may not understand you.
The first one has absolutely nothing to do with you.
So let’s get started!
Reason #1: They choose not to understand you.
One major reason that some native English speakers don’t understand you doesn’t have anything to do with you.
The first reason that some people might not understand you is that they choose not to understand you.
Believe it or not, understanding someone with a foreign accent is actually a choice.
In such a globally connected world like the one we live in today, most people have been exposed to non-native accents.
Of course you might meet people from more remote areas who only interact with people who sound like them, but they may simply need a few moments to adjust to your accent.
Here’s the truth: if someone doesn’t understand you, they may be close-minded or they may not like foreign accents.
When this type of person hears a minor mistake, a mispronounced consonant, a word that is stressed wrong, they put up a mental block and decide that they don’t understand you.
This means they won’t try to find a way to understand a non-native speaker and adjust to their accent.
I’ve experienced this as a non-native speaker of Spanish. For the most part, people are used to hearing Americans speaking Spanish with an American accent.
But occasionally you’ll come across someone who really doesn’t like foreigners and they’ll basically decide they can’t understand you, no matter how well you speak the language.
Like I said at the beginning, making an effort to understand someone who’s speaking your language and a language that isn’t their first is a choice.
If you come across a person like this, it is not your job to change their mind.
Trust that you did the best you could, you spoke as clearly as possible, and don’t question your own English ability because of their attitude.
Reason #2: They’re not familiar with your particular accent.
The second reason that native English speakers may not understand you is that they’re not familiar with your particular accent. Let’s talk about this.
Like I said earlier, many Americans are used to hearing foreign accents from different parts of the world.
There are so many immigrants and international students and visitors from all over the world that people are probably used to hearing a number of different accents.
Their ability to understand these different accents depends on their exposure to its unique characteristics.
If they’re living in California, they may be more used to hearing people from a wide variety of places.
In places like New York City, they’re not going to have trouble understanding you because they’re used to hearing so many different accents.
However, there may be people that are only familiar with a handful of different accents.
Maybe they’re used to hearing different Latin American accents, so they have no trouble understanding native Spanish speakers, but they may have trouble understanding certain European accents, or certain Asian accents, certain accents from Africa.
It really depends on the person’s background and what they’re used to hearing.
As this research study shows, we find it easier to understand accents we can identify.
This is also true when you’re interacting with other non-native speakers from different regions of the world.
When you’re learning English, you’re used to hearing other people who speak your native language speaking English, so your ear adjusts to this non-native accent.
However, when you interact with other non-native speakers who speak other languages, you may find it difficult to understand the particular characteristics of their speech.
In one of my English classes in Boston, this happened within my classroom. I had a student from Colombia who had trouble understanding a student from Korea because the accents are so different.
As a teacher who is used to hearing all kinds of accents, it was no problem for me to understand both of them.
People may need a chance to let their ear adjust to these different non-native accents.
Once they get used to the characteristics that come with your accent, they’ll be able to understand you.
If people don’t understand you after you’ve been trying and trying to express yourself, then they may have made a choice to not try to adjust their ear to the way that you speak.
This is why I often tell non-native speakers to focus on clarity.
If you’re doing the best you can to communicate as clearly as possible, and using the features of English like stress and intonation that we use to express ourselves more effectively, you don’t have to worry about so many of the details of your accent.
We are used to hearing people with accents. I don’t teach complete accent elimination, I teach accent reduction.
I help you eliminate distractions from the way you speak so that people can understand you. (Find out how to work with me here.)
If you’re making an effort to speak more clearly, and paying attention to the aspects of English that truly matter, you’re going to have a much easier time interacting with people!
Reason #3: You’re making common pronunciation mistakes.
The third reason that native English speakers may not understand you is if you’re making one of these three common mistakes when pronouncing words.
In my opinion, the most common reasons that people mispronounce words are the following:
- they’re not stressing certain syllables,
- they’re stressing the wrong syllable, or
- they’re substituting a sound from their native language that just sounds “off” in English.
If you can fix these mistakes, you’ll notice that people will understand you better.
Rather than focusing on fixing every single tiny detail of your accent, work on these three specific things you can do to change the way people hear you.
I emphasize working on stress and thought groups because they are key to being understood by native English speakers.
There is so much variation in vowel sounds between different regional accents and English dialects that you really don’t have to worry too much about them, as long as your vowels are clear and your words are correctly stressed.
Of course, as you advance, you probably want to work on your vowels so they sound a little bit better, but it’s more important to fix other mistakes first.
Reason #4: They’re misreading your meaning because of your tone.
The fourth reason that native English speakers may not understand you is that they’re misreading your meaning because of your tone of voice.
There are a number of reasons that your tone may not be consistent with the way we use intonation in American English.
For example, you may end your statements with a rising tone, which can signal uncertainty or questioning, or even be condescending, depending on the context.
(Keep in mind that a lot of Americans do speak with a rising tone at the end of their sentences, but it’s just something to pay attention to.)
To signal that you’re done talking, be sure to use falling intonation at the end of your sentence.
If you’re consistently ending your sentences with rising tone, it may sound like you don’t trust the person, or that you don’t trust them to understand you.
They may start wondering why you’re ending all of your sentences with rising intonation!
In my experience working with non-native English speakers, I sometimes find that people from certain regions of the world have a rising tone or inconsistent pitch throughout their speech.
This is usually a result of interference from their native language.
This can affect the way people understand your meaning.
In American English, we communicate a lot of additional meaning through our tone of voice.
Similarly, flatter intonation or more steep drops at the end of your sentence can signal that you’re being commanding or demanding. You may also sound like you’re annoyed or frustrated or disinterested.
In this case, I encourage you to play around with your tone. Try experimenting with different intonation patterns in order to see how people respond to you.
When you change your tone, you may notice that people understand you better.
It’s not always about the way you say certain words or about the fact that you have an accent.
It’s that we’re listening for these subtle cues through intonation that help us understand your deeper meaning.
If a native English speaker isn’t understanding you because of your tone, they may ask a question like, “What did you mean by that?” Or they may just think that you meant what you said.
Pay attention to how your intonation compares to the other person’s. Try to mirror their intonation in order to be more easily understood.
Reason #5: You speak English with less confidence than you do in your native language.
The last reason that native English speakers might not understand you is because you speak English with less confidence than you do in your native language. We’ve all been there!
As non native speakers, we often become highly sensitive to how the other person is reacting to us.
We’re constantly scanning the other person’s facial expressions and body language in order to see if they understood us.
We might not feel confident if we haven’t gotten a clear signal that they follow what we’re saying.
Personally, I often fear a reaction to being a non-native Spanish speaker. When I speak English, I don’t care!
I’m a confident, enthusiastic speaker: if I make a mistake, I steamroll right over it and keep going.
But when I speak Spanish, I often get shy, soft-spoken, reserved. I lower my pitch. I may not speak as confidently.
I defer to more aggressive non-native speakers or native speakers. I’m likely to allow people to talk over me in a way that I wouldn’t when speaking English.
For all of these reasons and more, I may not express myself with clarity and confidence when speaking Spanish.
This means new people may not understand me at first until they adjust to my manner of speaking.
But I always trust that my friends will, because I know they can follow me even though I have an accent.
Does that sound familiar to you?
This is something I see a lot when working with non native English speakers.
Like I said, it’s not that people don’t understand you, it’s that we’re worried that they won’t understand us, so we’re not speaking with the clarity and confidence that we normally would in our native language.
I encourage you to work on your mindset, give yourself extra opportunities to practice, seek out a speaking partner, or look for a tutor, or find someone that you can work with in order to increase your confidence.
After all, taking action is what will truly help you feel more confident when speaking English.
All of these things are going to help you feel more confident that people understand you because you’re expressing yourself as well as possible.
If you’re making an effort to speak more confidently, more clearly, more effectively, and you’re doing everything you can to communicate to the best of your ability, you should rest easy that the other person will be able to follow what you’re saying.
We can’t please everyone! And like I said at the beginning, two of the biggest reasons that native English speakers may not understand you have nothing to do with you personally and everything to do with them.
Either they choose not to understand you because they’re not comfortable interacting with non-native speakers, or they’re not used to your accent and their ear is going to need some time to adjust.
If you’re doing everything you can to speak clearly and confidently by focusing on expressing yourself with correct word stress, sentence stress and intonation, it’s going to be very likely that a native English speaker understands you!
Of course, as you continue to move forward in your English learning journey, you do want to fix common pronunciation mistakes.
Bit by bit, you’re going to be able to improve how you sound.
I hope this video helps you feel more confident that people will understand you when you’re speaking English.
Being self-conscious about your accent is completely normal, but if you can overcome that, you’re going to have a much better time interacting with native English speakers and other foreigners who speak English too!